Type 2 Diabetes: Causes and Treatments

As most of us know, diabetes is linked with high blood sugar levels while type 2 diabetes is associated with insulin resistance. When a person is affected with type 2 diabetes, his body loses the ability to respond to insulin levels. This article focuses on the causes and tips to overcome type 2 diabetes.

What are the causes?

  • Heredities: People with a family history of diabetes are at higher risk.
  • Birth weight: There is a very strong relationship between birth weight and diabetes. The lower the birth weight, the higher the risk.
  • Metabolic fluctuations: People suffering from metabolic syndrome and metabolic fluctuations are more likely to get diabetes type 2.
  • Obesity: Statistics show obesity causes the most health issues. Since it increases our body’s resistance to insulin, obese people are more likely to develop the condition.
  • Gestational Diabetes: Some mothers will have gestational diabetes at some point during pregnancy. Usually there are no noticeable signs but have it in mind!

Ways to treat and prevent:

Genetics play the most important role in the development of diabetes and this is something that cannot be controlled. Nevertheless, there are other things in your surroundings and personal routines that will definitely help you lower the risk. Some are listed here:

Exercise: Jogging and fitness play a vital role in maintaining top health. Physical exercise three to four times per week will make you will feel awesome! Most people think that exercise is only for those who want to lose weight. Combine those two concepts and you will see the difference right away!

Quit Smoking: 16 to 20 cigarettes per day (as the usual statistics) put a person at high risk for developing diabetes (among other things). Since smoking decreases the body’s ability to develop insulin resistance, blood sugar levels increase immediately after your next cigarette.

Eating Nuts: About an ounce or 28 grams of nuts a day will keep your doctor away! It’s time to say goodbye to your favorite yummy calorie-stuffed chips!

Create Awareness: Spread the word about diabetes and make everyone learn how serious it actually is. Discuss with community members, local doctors and organize the best awareness event! Marathons, walkathons, game shows… or make a documentary and publish it online. Social media is always there to help you advertise your cause, so it can reach as many people as possible! Don’t forget that trendy giveaways like personalized silicone bracelets with a special message will make your event more successful!

If you feel that you are at risk, consult your doctor. The earlier you do this, the better the chances are for you to stay safe and healthy. Remember that self-treatment is not always perceived as unproblematic!

Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes affects the manner in which the body handles digested carbohydrates. If neglected, diabetes can cause serious health complications, ranging from blindness to kidney failure.

Approximately 8% of the population in the United States has diabetes. This means that approximately 16 million people have been diagnosed with the disease, based only on national statistics. The American Diabetes Association estimates that diabetes accounts for 178,000 deaths, 54,000 amputees, and 12,000-24,000 cases of blindness annually. Blindness is 25 times more common among diabetic patients compared to nondiabetics. It is proposed that by the year 2010, diabetes will exceed both heart disease and cancer as the leading cause of death through its many complications.

Diabetics have a high level of blood glucose. The blood sugar level is regulated by insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, which releases it in response to food consumption. Insulin causes the cells of the body to take in glucose from the blood. The glucose is used as fuel for cellular functions.

Diagnostic standards for diabetes have been fasting plasma glucose levels greater than 140 mg/dL on two occasions and plasma glucose greater than 200 mg/dL following a 75-gram glucose load. More recently, the American Diabetes Association lowered the criteria for a diabetes diagnosis to fasting plasma glucose levels equal to or greater than 126 mg/dL. Fasting plasma levels outside the normal limit require additional tests, usually by repeating the fasting plasma glucose test and (if indicated) giving the patient an oral glucose tolerance test.

The symptoms of diabetes include excessive urination, excessive thirst and hunger, sudden weight loss, blurred vision, delay in healing of wounds, dry and itchy skin, repeated infections, fatigue and headache. These symptoms, while suggestive of diabetes, may be due to other reasons also.

There are two different types of diabetes.

Type I Diabetes (juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes): The cause of type I diabetes is caused by pancreatic inability to produce insulin. It is responsible for 5-10% of cases of diabetes. The pancreatic Islet of Langerhans cells, which secrete the hormone, are destroyed by the body’s own immune system, probably because it mistakes them for a virus. Viral infections are thought to be the trigger that sets off this auto-immune disease. It is more common in caucasians and runs in families.

If untreated, death occurs within a few months of the onset of juvenile diabetes, as the cells of the body starve because they no longer receive the hormonal prompt to take in glucose. While most Type I diabetics are young (hence the term Juvenile Diabetes), the condition can develop at any age. Autoimmune diabetes can be definitely diagnosed by a blood test which shows the presence of anti-insulin/anti-islet-cell antibodies.

Type II Diabetes (non insulin dependent diabetes or adult onset diabetes): This diabetes is a result of body tissues becoming resistant to insulin. It accounts for 90-95% of cases. Often the pancreas is producing more than average amounts of insulin, but the cells of the body have become unresponsive to its effect due to the chronically high level of the hormone. Eventually the pancreas may exhaust its over-active secretion of the hormone, and insulin levels fall to below normal.

A tendency towards Type II diabetes is hereditary, but it is unlikely to develop in normal-weight individuals eating a low- or moderate-carbohydrate diet. Obese, sedentary individuals who eat poor-quality diets based on refined starch, which constantly activates pancreatic insulin secretion, are prone to develop insulin resistance. Native peoples such as North American Indians whose traditional diets did not include refined starch until its recent introduction by Europeans have extremely high rates of diabetes, up to 5 times the rate of caucasians. Blacks and hispanics are also at higher risk. Though Type II diabetes is not fatal within a matter of months, it can lead to health complications over several years and cause severe disability and premature death. As with Type I diabetes, the condition is found primarily in one age group, in this case people over 40 (which is why it is often termed Adult Onset); however, with the rise in childhood and teenage obesity, it is appearing in children as well.

If neglected, diabetes can lead to life-threatening complications such as kidney damage (nephropathy), heart disease, nerve damage (neuropathy), retinal damage and blindness(retinopathy), and hypoglycemia (drastic reduction in glucose levels). Diabetes damages blood vessels, especially smaller end-arteries, leading to severe and premature atherosclerosis. Diabetics are prone to foot problems because neuropathy, which affects approximately 10% of patients, causes their feet to lose sensation. Foot injuries, common in day-to-day living, go unnoticed, and these injuries do not heal because of poor circulation through the small arteries in the foot. Gangrene and subsequent amputation of toes or feet is the consequence for many elderly patients with poorly-controlled diabetes. Usually these sequelae appear earlier in Type I than Type II diabetes, because Type II patients have some of their own insulin production left to buffer changes in blood sugar levels.

Type I diabetes is a serious disease and there is no permanent cure for it. However, the symptoms can be controlled by strict dietary monitering and insulin injections. Implanted pumps which release insulin immediately in response to changes in blood glucose are in the testing stages.

In theory, since it caused by diet, Type II diabetes should be preventable and manageable by dietary changes alone, but in practice many diabetics (and many obese people without diabetes) find it personally impossible to lose weight or adhere to a healthy diet. Therefore they are frequently treated with drugs which restore the body’s response to insulin, and in some cases injections of insulin.

Please note that this article is not a subsitute for medical advice. If you suspect you have diabetes or are in a high risk group, please see your doctor.

For more information, please visit our site,

http://www.diabetes-testing-2006.info

Type 2 Diabetes – Reasons To Avoid Tanning Beds If You Are a Diabetic

Some people tan very easily in the sun after only a short period of time. Others tend to burn. Many people use tanning salons and beds to develop an artificial tan due to lack of time, or for personal preference.

Here are a few reasons to consider before tanning if you suffer from Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes:

1. Firstly, you need to understand what tanning actually does. In simple terms, it makes the color of your skin go darker than it already is. However, people have different skin types. Naturally, different races have skin types that may be affected differently. Caucasian people may have fair complexions or slightly darker ones. Skin may be oily or dry.

All of these factors have to be considered before deciding to get a tan, whether natural or artificial. Tanning beds can be very dangerous for diabetics because your whole body is subjected to intense UV rays. Even though it’s a controlled environment, if you have sores of any kind, they can become worse.

2. Many people with diabetes have some degree of nerve damage and won’t be able to feel if they are getting burned by the rays… until it’s too late. You can easily become dehydrated and that means your body won’t be able to process insulin and food as well as it normally could.

Tanning beds are less likely to cause sunburn than the real sun but it still can happen. It means your body has to focus on healing and, therefore, has a reduced capacity to fight off other problems such as infections and diseases.

It’s vital you speak to the tanning consultant to work out the best settings for the bed if you insist on tanning. Set a specific turn off time and ask the consultant to check on you as well, in case you’re not aware of problems.

3. Tanning can cause skin cancer, eye damage and premature aging if you don’t take adequate precautions. It’s also important not to tan too often as it can become addictive and then you may just ignore the health risks and have more problems as a result.

4. It’s also possible you may develop a rash if you are allergic to the ultraviolet light. There are plenty of ways to treat it, but it’s a strong indicator you should not use a tanning bed.

These are only a few of the reasons to avoid tanning if you suffer from diabetes. If you have any concerns at all, speak to your doctor first. You should also mention to the tanning consultant you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes… then proper safety measures can be taken.

Is Sushi Okay For Someone With Type 2 Diabetes?

Being diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes can come as a bit of a shock. In truth, news like that can really put you into a bit of a tailspin. You may not have an inkling of what type of ramifications that this would bring about for your day-to-day life. However, a diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes is not nearly as dire as it may sound. In fact, by making a few simple adjustments to your diet and exercise program you can ensure that you will be able to manage your Diabetes without too much strife.

When looking at how to adjust your diet you may come up with some questions regarding specific types of food. Being diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes does not mean that you cannot indulge in the foods that you have previously enjoyed. In fact, sushi is probably one of the most speculated foods for those dealing with diabetes. So, Is Sushi Okay for Someone with Type 2 Diabetes?

Sushi has become more and more popular. Part of that popularity is due to the nutritional values in sushi. Sushi is chocked full of lean proteins and vegetables. Not only that, but sushi is an incredibly beautiful type of food. There is something incredibly fun about eating it, and it has become a culinary wave that has been sweeping the nation.

However, those who suffer from Type 2 Diabetes need to approach sushi with a bit of caution. Those who are diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes typically have diets that are full of high glucose foods that cause their blood sugar to be off kilter. White rice is a perfect example of those high glucose foods that can prove detrimental to your blood sugar levels. Most traditional pieces of nigiri sushi and sushi rolls are constructed with a fair amount of this rice. It is important that you take into account how much of that rice you are eating when you are having sushi. Additionally, not all rolls are constructed with healthy ingredients. In fact, you will often find some very elaborate rolls that are filled with fried ingredients or heavily sugared sauces.

There is an exception to this logic within the realm of sushi. Sashimi, is actually sushi without the rice. This is a perfect option for those who tend to have a diet that is too rich in high glycemic foods.

So the answer to the question “Is Sushi Okay for Someone with Type 2 Diabetes?” is yes and no. Yes, sushi is a healthy alternative to other types of foods. However, you have to be careful about it because there are hidden health dangers in it. As with most foods, the key is to eat in moderation. Too much of anything can never be good for you!