Diabetes Mellitus (High Blood Sugar) – Highlights on Types and Symptoms

Diabetes mellitus occurs when you have a problem with your pancreas which is the organ that controls your blood glucose. It either stops manufacturing insulin or does not produce enough amounts that satisfy your body’s needs. This deficiency of insulin results in poor absorption of glucose by your body’s cells, which use it for energy production, as well as by your liver, which stores it. The final result of this poor absorption is a high blood sugar or glucose level.

There are two main forms of diabetes mellitus. They are Type I (also called juvenile onset or insulin-dependent) diabetes and Type II (also known as maturity onset or insulin-independent) diabetes.

In Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes; which usually affects young people, the pancreas produces very little or no insulin. The defect is caused by damage to the insulin-producing cells. Your body, unable to use glucose because of the lack of insulin, is forced to obtain energy from fat instead. This can lead to a dangerous condition called diabetic coma.

In Type II (insulin-independent) diabetes; which attacks people commonly around their forties, the cells which produce insulin are still functioning, but the amount of insulin is insufficient for your body’s needs. Patients who suffer from this type of the disorder usually eat too much and are overweight. Their over-eating causes an excess of glucose in their blood, and the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to cope with it. Genetics and hereditary factors are key players in this type. In one third of cases, there is always a family member or members suffering from the disorder. Another factor is your age, because the function of your pancreas is reduced as a part of the normal aging process.

All forms of diabetes cause the same main symptoms. You urinate much more than usual, sometimes as often as every hour or so, throughout the day and night. You may notice white spots, which consist of dried splashes of glucose filled urine, on your underwear or shoes. Microorganisms are attracted to the sugary urine and these can cause various complications, such as bladder infections. The excessive loss of fluid can make you perpetually thirsty, and drinking sweetened beverages increases the amount of urination and makes your thirst worse. Your cells do not get enough glucose, so you feel extremely tired, weak, and apathetic; so much so that you may be unable to get up in the morning.

If you are diabetic or the father/mother of a diabetic child, you might notice excess loss of weight. This is explained by the inability of the body to use glucose as a source of energy and instead your body starts burning your fat and muscle. Other symptoms that you may experience include tingling in the hands and feet, decreased immunity (small abscesses and burning urination due to infection may be the first symptoms of diabetes. ), blurred vision due to excess glucose in the fluid of the eye, and loss of erection in men or the absence of monthly periods in women.

The symptoms of Type I (insulin dependent) diabetes usually develop rapidly, within weeks or months. Those of the Type II (insulin independent) form often do not appear until many years after the actual onset of the disease. Sometimes the disorder is detected by chance at a routine medical examination, before any symptoms appear.

Diabetics and High Protein Diets

It is incredibly important for diabetics to make sure that they maintain a healthy, well-balanced diet, which can actually be a large part of diabetes treatment, as well as many other health conditions, such as cancer, hypertension and heart disease.

There are different types of diabetes, and the dietary needs are different for each. For instance, those who have type II diabetes have extremely high blood glucose, which often fluctuate, and they must be regulated. This can be done with insulin shots, but in some cases, a very well-planned healthy diet may be all the patient needs to keep their sugars regulated. According to the American Diabetes Association, as well as the American Heart Association and the American Cancer Society, a healthy diet should be made up of 35% protein, 50% carbohydrates (not the3 simple ones that digest quickly) and 15% fats.

Now, in the case of some diabetics, they may need to have an even higher intake of protein, sometimes up to 30 or 40% of the daily caloric intake. But, when a diabetic, or anyone else, is on a diet that is high in protein, it is essential to make sure that they are eating the right types of high protein foods, to ensure that there is no weight gain, which may actually defeat the purpose of eating healthy to treat diabetes. Some of the best high protein foods to eat include lean meats, oily fish, turkey or chicken breast, soy beans, nuts, milk and milk products, and whole grains, just to name a few (be careful with red meat, as it can lower insulin resistance). So as you can see, this type of diet neither needs to be tasteless or boring. High protein diets have been proven to be helpful in the treatment of diabetes, and the September 2004 Diabetes magazine reported that not only can high-protein, low-carb diets help to regulate blood sugar levels, they can even help to lower the levels.

The Right Proteins for Diabetic Diets

Many people think that being diagnosed with diabetes means having a boring, bland diet for the rest of their lives. This is absolutely untrue. Although it is essential to monitor everything you eat when you have type II diabetes, there are still many delicious foods that can be included in your diet. And, it is important to have snacks between meals, contrary to popular belief. Some great snacks for diabetics that are really tasty include unsalted nuts, such as peanuts and almonds. Beans are great, so enjoy any type of beans, because they are absolutely loaded with protein. One thing you do need to avoid is processed foods, because often, they are loaded with salt, and have saturated and trans-fats, which are not good for anyone, let alone diabetics. Foods that you should be eating to get the right amount of protein, and other nutrients, in your diet include milk and milk products, eggs, whole grains, peas, and all kinds of other delicious foods. If you are unsure which foods are best for you to eat on a diabetic diet, check with your physician, nutritionist or dietitian.

Diabetics and Protein Supplements

In order to get the protein they need in their diets, many diabetics opt to use protein supplements, which can not only be used as delicious snacks, but also as actual meal replacements (although this is not usually advised as a regular thing). Protein supplements are a great way to get an added boost of energy during the day. Now, a lot of diabetics fear that using protein supplements will make them gain weight, but, there are all kinds of diet-friendly protein supplements out there that taste really great, and are also loaded with other important vitamins and nutrients. With these supplements, you get the protein, without all of the fat, calories and carbohydrates.

Popular Types of Protein Supplements

There are a number of different types of protein supplements you may be interested in giving a try. All of these supplements are easy to use, and they are also portable, so you can take them with you anywhere. Some of the most popular types of protein supplements include liquid protein supplements, protein powders and liquid protein shots.

Liquid Protein Supplements – There are liquid proteins that are already pre-mixed, and can be drunk immediately. Or, you may want to get another type of liquid supplement that you mix into drinks yourself. This way, you can be sure that you are going to get the flavors you love.

Protein Powders – If you are looking for a protein supplement that is incredibly versatile, powders are for you. There are unflavored protein powders, which can be added to any of your favorite recipes to give them an extra protein boost. And, there are flavored protein powders, which can be used to make delicious shakes and smoothies. Some of the flavors you will find include chocolate, vanilla, berry and fruit punch.

Liquid Protein Shots – This is a great way to get your protein on the go. Liquid protein shots are becoming more and more popular

Types of Proteins Used in Supplements

There are a number of sources for protein supplements. Some of these sources include:

Whey – This is one of the more popular proteins used in supplements, because it digests quickly, and easily. Whey is a complete protein, meaning that it contains all of the essential and non-essential amino acids. Because it is a milk derivative, whey may not be the best type of protein supplement for those who are lactose intolerant, or who are allergic to milk and milk products.

Casein – Here is another milk derivative, and actually, casein is what whey comes from in the first place. Casein digests slower than whey, and many people combine whey and casein to get the full benefits of both types of proteins. Casein can be used by some people who are lactose intolerant.

Soy – Soy is another complete protein, and it is ideal for vegetarians, since it is vegetable-based. It is also great for those who are lactose intolerant.

Rice – This is another complete protein, and, it is ideal for everyone, because it is hypoallergenic and vegetable-based. It has very little flavor, so it is very popular for use in recipes.

Egg – This is one of the first types of protein supplements, and is still often used. If you are allergic to eggs or poultry, you should stick with one of the other types of protein supplements.

Diabetic Symptoms – These High Blood Sugar Symptoms Can Mean Diabetes

High blood sugar symptoms can be sign of diabetes, a serious condition, that – if not treated – can lead to devastating consequences to your health, including kidney failure, heart attack, stroke, blindness, and diabetic coma.

However, the most common symptom of high blood sugar is having no symptoms at all! Which is why many people are living with diabetes without knowing about it!

Because of this fact, it's very important that you test your blood glucose levels on a regular basis using a blood glucose analyzer and also to be aware of the following high blood sugar symptoms.

But first, let me explain what it means to have "high blood sugar" or hyperglycemia. One is considered to have hyperglycemia, when one's blood glucose level elevates and stays elevated above the normal levels. Normal glucose levels are between 70 and 150 mg / dL. Levels typically are lower in the morning, when you wake up after a whole night of fasting, and increase after meals.

Levels rising consistently above 150 mg / dL are indicative of hyperglycemia.

If your blood glucose level is too high, you may experience the following symptoms:

– Increased thirst- it seams that you are always thirsty
– Frequent urination – you constantly have to go to the bathroom
– Dry mouth
– Nausea
– Vomiting
– Shortness of breath
– Extreme fatigue, feeling weak and tired
– Difficulty concentrating
– Blurred vision
– Slower healing of wounds
– Unexplained weight loss
– Frequent yeast infections
– Blood sugar higher than 180 mg / dL

It is important to know that not everyone with high blood glucose levels will experience the exact same symptoms. If your symptoms are not severe, you may feel normal and not think that may you have high blood sugar. Also, your symptoms can be very mild or develop at an extremely slow pace. Some people do not experience any symptoms at all. That is why it is important to pay attention to your body, and have blood sugar levels checked periodically.

The good news is that while diabetes is a serious and potentially devastating disease, it is also highly preventable. Even if you already have it, you can control the symptoms or reverse the disease entirely, with a few simple changes to your lifestyle. Because diabetes is caused mainly by poor diet choices, lack of or insufficient physical activity, and stress; simply by improving your diet, exercising, and eliminating stress from your life, can have a profound effect for your health!